It would be discovered, why paint a landscape if there is a camera? In fact, everything is not so simple. Drawing is an amazing process. It gives deep creative joy. The number of securities, remark out of what quantity is connected with the world. He learns to comprehend beauty, and reproduces it on a sheet of paper or canvas.
Explanations for beginners
Objects that are in the background, a person sees in colder colors than objects in the foreground. For example, distant mountains appear blue. Although they are also covered with green forest, like those that rise next to us.
One more rule. Looking at objects that are nearby, we see their details. And for those in the background, it is difficult to notice the details, they merge. Therefore, to paint a landscape in watercolor, special techniques are used. With a thin brush, dry, they write blades of grass, leaves in the foreground. And the distant plan, on the contrary, is painted blurry, with a large brush, here the wet technique is preferable.
And finally, pay attention: near and far tones correlate differently. The foreground is the most contrasting, the farther away, the more the tones converge. Light appears darker and dark becomes lighter.
Draw a landscape with a pencil step by step
If you are interested in drawing landscapes, you should start with the work done in pencil. You will need:
paper of medium hardness;
pencils, well sharpened, of varying degrees of softness;
To successfully draw a landscape with a pencil, it is important to master the technique of shading. Thanks to it, a feeling of realism is created, the details of the landscape get volume. You can draw the shadow of a tree, the reflection of a bush in the water.
Stages of work:
We mark the horizon line. This will help create perspective so you know exactly where to place your landscape objects.
Draw the main objects: mountains and rivers, buildings and trees, roads and animals. First with general lines, then draw the details.
Move on to small details: shrubs, flowers, tree branches.
Start working on chiaroscuro. With a hard pencil, draw strokes on objects. Next, we will draw the shadows that need to be shaded – for example, a blackout in a doorway or in a shady corner of the garden.
Let’s follow the sequence on a specific example. Let’s say you want to depict a summer landscape with a forest and a river.
We mark the horizon line.
We draw the contours of the river. According to the laws of perspective, the river should be narrower in the upper part of the sheet, and wider in the lower part.
We begin to draw the details. Short and long winding lines will give the feeling that the river is flowing. The impression will be enhanced if irregularly shaped stones are placed in the river, which go around the current.
We outline the contours of the sushi. We draw trees and bushes. But we avoid details. A wavy line is enough to convey the shape of the bushes. Now let’s move on to the smallest details. We draw grass and flowers that grow on the shore, depict small stones.
We apply light.
This task is more difficult. You will need high-quality gouache or watercolor, brushes of different sizes, thick paper. First, we sketch with a simple pencil. The lines should be thin. Then we paint over the lightest parts of the picture: the sky, horizontal surfaces. The darkest will be vertical objects – tree trunks, walls of houses, sheer cliffs. We draw large objects before small ones.
Simplify complex elements as you work. It is not necessary to draw every leaf on the tree. Small touches are added at the end to make the drawing more expressive. But it is worth overloading the picture with minor details, you need to learn to highlight the main thing.
Almost all artists painted landscapes. But there are those who have become real masters in this genre. Impressionist Claude Monet achieved extraordinary naturalism in his canvases due to the fact that he absolutely accurately conveyed the lighting of objects.
Van Gogh passionately loved nature, this feeling was reflected in the canvases. His landscapes “live”: the stars move across the sky, the wind shakes the ears of wheat. Marine painter Ivan Aivazovsky was able to skillfully depict both a complete calm at sea and a riot of violent elements.
In the paintings of Ivan Shishkin, a forest rises before us – in all its discreet charm. Isaac Levitan, for all the brevity of the paintings, conveyed in them not only the beauty of Russian nature, but also allowed him to feel the mood of the person who looks at it.
The landscape is an immersion in nature, gaining kinship with it, conveying with a pencil or brush – all its splendor. Start drawing, and you will not tear yourself away from this exciting activity.
*Pictures of famous artists are taken from free access on the Internet and are used on the site for educational and educational purposes.